Emmision reduction

There is a diverse variety of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the world. Some of them, like sulfur hexafluorid (SF6), are purely synthetic and are industry specific. Others, like carbon dioxide (CO2) or methane (CH4), are natural and common for a variety of industries and processes.


Emission of GHG into the atmosphere leads to global warming through greenhouse effect. GHG emission reduction is currently one of the most important tasks of global development.

 

GHG emission reduction is possible through several ways

  • avoidance

  • balancing

  • collection

     

Avoidance is the most popular way. In Energy industry it may be reached by fuel replacement, burning efficiency increasing (both lead to decreasing of GHG content in flue gas) or distribution and consumption efficiency increasing (both lead to decreasing of fuel consumption).

 

Collection is more common within ecological projects. It is possible to collect biogas (contains CO2 and CH4) on farms, municipal and industrial WWTPs, solid waste polygons etc.

 

Balancing is a specific way. It may be found in Renewable energy industry, specifically in biomass burning projects. Biomass is assumed to be a carbon neutral fuel – whole amount of GHGs released during biomass burning is further assimilated during new biomass growth. Thus, GHG balance stays unchanged.

 

Nowadays GHG emission reduction is monetized. Every project leading to GHG emission reduction generates so called GHG emission reduction units (ERUs), that may further be sold on a free market (on spot, on futures, etc.). To do so, the project owner has to pass special procedure, determined and managed by the UN or by voluntary market structures.

 

There are several ER trading systems in place over the world. Every system has specific peculiarities that should be considered during project development.

 

Our main advantages in this sector is a deep and detailed knowledge of different ER trading systems and relevant regulations. We are able to develop projects of any scale based on JI/CDM mechanisms as well as on voluntary ER systems mechanisms.